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species-galerucella-was-not-found-boudreau-science-2015-08-26 Boudreau- Science Portland 2015-08-26 14:51:00 Galerucella beetle Galerucella I think I did not find it Invasive sites/default/files/boudreau-_science/site_photo2.jpg sites/default/files/boudreau-_science/planteco2_0.jpg Under Million Dollar Bridge sites/default/files/species_photos/221.jpg sites/default/files/boudreau-_science/bite_hole3.jpg All bite holes in the leaves were not circular. This area had been recently mowed down. Most previous growth was flattened and dead.
species-popillia-japonica-was-found-boudreau-science-2015-08-26 Boudreau- Science Portland 2015-08-26 14:51:00 Japanese beetle Popillia japonica I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/boudreau-_science/site_photo2.jpg sites/default/files/boudreau-_science/planteco2.jpg Under Million Dollar Bridge sites/default/files/species_photos/popillia_japonica.jpg sites/default/files/boudreau-_science/bite_hole4.jpg bite holes are the same pattern as the vs guide used This area had been recently mowed down. Most previous growth was flattened and dead.
species-lythrum-salicaria-was-found-boudreau-science-2015-08-26 Boudreau- Science Portland 2015-08-26 14:51:00 Purple loosestrife Lythrum salicaria I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/boudreau-_science/site_photo2.jpg sites/default/files/boudreau-_science/stem.jpg Under Million Dollar Bridge sites/default/files/species_photos/015.jpg sites/default/files/boudreau-_science/square_stem_cs2.jpg Cross Section of square stem sites/default/files/boudreau-_science/leaves_opposite2.jpg Leaves are lance shape sites/default/files/boudreau-_science/leaves_in_whorls.jpg leaves are opposing and in whirl orientation on stem This area had been recently mowed down. Most previous growth was flattened and dead.
species-rosa-multiflora-was-found-christinev-2015-08-26 christinev Portland 2015-08-26 14:00:00 Multiflora rose Rosa multiflora I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/christinev/sitephoto_multi.jpg sites/default/files/christinev/sampling.jpg Under the bridge downtown sites/default/files/species_photos/201.jpg sites/default/files/christinev/multiflora_evidence1.jpg There were small, pea-sized rose hips. This is one way to tell multiflora rose apart from other rose species. sites/default/files/christinev/multiflora_evidence2.jpg The leaf is compound pinnate with about 7 leaflets. This helps me know it is a rose species. The fringed stipule helps me differentiate it as multiflora rose. sites/default/files/christinev/stipule_ev3.jpg Here is a better photo of the fringed stipule. Some sites in the vicinity had recently been mowed, but there were some shrubs that were undisturbed. I was curious what species were there, and if there were invasives in that undisturbed clump.
species-lythrum-salicaria-was-found-mrsslote-2015-08-26 MrsSlote Portland 2015-08-26 14:00:00 Purple loosestrife Lythrum salicaria I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/mrsslote/site_photo.jpg sites/default/files/mrsslote/quadrat.jpg Under the Casco Bay Bridge sites/default/files/species_photos/015.jpg sites/default/files/mrsslote/plant.jpg The plant, which was mushed down, had flowers dried out at the top. It looked like what the plant on the species card would have looked like if it had been mushed and had not begun to die back for the fall. In our "sampling method" photo below, our quadrat shows that we can estimate the plants' length at about 1.1 meter tall. sites/default/files/mrsslote/leaves.jpg The leaves ranged in length from 3.5 cm to 6.0 cm. They were about 0.8 cm wide. The leaves were opposite each other on the stem. The leaf type was simple. Their shapes were lance shaped and they had smooth edges. This plant is likely not American Germander, a similar species, because that plant has coarsely serrated leaves, and the plant we found had smooth edged leaves. sites/default/files/mrsslote/stems.jpg The stems were square shaped and were about 1.1 meters tall. They were brown and woody on the bottom and green towards the top. The top stems nearest the flowers had tiny hairs on them. We found one purple flower at the end of the stem, but the rest of the flowers were gone. I am happy because I am outside and it is not raining. The sun is even peeking out from behind the clouds. But, a major problem I ran into is that someone mowed down most of my site! I see traffic going by and construction across Commercial Street. There is some litter from passersby. There are also some vagrants under the Bridge. The air smells salty and it is a muggy, mostly cloudy day. The temperature is 72 degrees. The humidity is 99% (and my frizzed out hair proves that). It is mostly cloudy today.
species-popillia-japonica-was-found-apalmer-2015-08-24 apalmer Tenants Harbor 2015-08-24 20:01:00 Japanese beetle Popillia japonica I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/apalmer/image_40.jpg sites/default/files/apalmer/image_41.jpg Library path sites/default/files/species_photos/popillia_japonica.jpg sites/default/files/apalmer/image_42.jpg This beetle has a metallic green thorax, and a fuzzy abdomen with black and white stripes. There were many of these beetles on this clump of flowers.
species-fallopia-japonica-was-found-ms-parkes-2015-08-15 Ms. Parkes Bangor, ME 2015-08-15 20:30:00 Japanese knotweed Fallopia japonica I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/ms._parkes/img_1030.jpg sites/default/files/ms._parkes/img_1035_1.jpg Backyard sites/default/files/species_photos/210.jpg sites/default/files/ms._parkes/img_1038.jpg The leaves are smooth and spade-like and come to a point. They measure 12 cm wide and 14.5 cm long. sites/default/files/ms._parkes/img_1031_1.jpg The stems are red with a zig-zag pattern and alternating leaves. sites/default/files/ms._parkes/img_1034.jpg When the stems are cut, they appear to be hallow, similar to bamboo. I had thought that this may have been bamboo since I had seen it after it had been previously cut down. However, it was not growing straight up like bamboo. Once compared to the species ID card I was surprised that I may have found an invasive (potentially destructive) species close to home.
species-lythrum-salicaria-was-found-jradigan-2015-08-13 jradigan Scarborough Maine 2015-08-13 22:29:00 Purple loosestrife Lythrum salicaria I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/jradigan/photo_4.jpg sites/default/files/jradigan/quadrat_0.jpg jrad sites/default/files/species_photos/015.jpg sites/default/files/jradigan/loosestrife_height.jpg I measured the height and it was between 1 and 2 meters. sites/default/files/jradigan/loosestrife_leaf_length.jpg I measured the length of the leaves and they were around 10cm. sites/default/files/jradigan/quadrat_1.jpg The flowers match the id card. The site was in an area where there were birds and bees. There was a house behind it and it was partially in a ditch. the water in the ditch surprised me and made it difficult to set up the quadrat. The quadrat had grass, buttercups and a pine tree branch hung over it.
species-adelges-tsugae-was-not-found-glewis-2015-08-13 GLewis Gardiner Maine 2015-08-13 14:33:00 Hemlock wooly adelgid Adelges tsugae I think I did not find it Invasive sites/default/files/glewis/img_20150813_093339951.jpg sites/default/files/glewis/img_20150813_091347530_1.jpg Glewis Hemlock Aphid Investigation sites/default/files/species_photos/214.jpg sites/default/files/glewis/img_20150813_091323805_1.jpg There was no white fuzzy substance at the base of the needs sites/default/files/glewis/img_20150813_091347530_1_0.jpg No larva were viewed on the underside of the branches sites/default/files/glewis/img_20150813_093339951_0.jpg Tree appears to be in good health with no areas of die back
species-heterosiphonia-japonica-was-found-moss-boss-2015-08-12 Moss Boss Casco Bay 2015-08-12 22:30:00 Heterosiphonia Heterosiphonia japonica I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/moss_boss/img_0204.jpg sites/default/files/moss_boss/img_0192_0.jpg Water off Cushing's Is. sites/default/files/species_photos/117_heterosiphonia.jpg sites/default/files/moss_boss/img_0195.jpg All over the trap I found small clumps of a very soft feathery red algae. While these are characteristics of heterosiphonia, they are not enough to tell for sure that this is not another species. sites/default/files/moss_boss/img_0227.jpg Using a small macro lens attachment, I was able to get a better look. While it's a little hard to see, I could observe a dichotomous branching pattern and no sign of multi-cell width branches. You can also see distinct "blooming" ends. All of these features are what you would expect to find in heterosiphonia, but not in other look-alike species. This leads me to conclude that these were in fact clumps of heterosiphonia. We were out exploring Casco Bay on the Lucky Catch lobstering "cruise" with Teachers from the LabVenture institute. It was a beautiful evening aboard a boat that earned her name -- we had luck avoiding thunderstorms! The traps had plenty of their intended catch - lobsters and some rock and Jonah crabs, but they also had a few other hitchhikers.
species-membranipora-membranacea-was-found-moss-boss-2015-08-12 Moss Boss Casco Bay 2015-08-12 22:30:00 Lacy crust bryozoan Membranipora membranacea I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/moss_boss/img_0204.jpg sites/default/files/moss_boss/img_0207.jpg Water off Cushing's Is. sites/default/files/species_photos/114.jpg sites/default/files/moss_boss/img_0199.jpg You can see a small colony of zooids spreading in an irregular circle. The zooids have a rectangular shape and the edge of the patch is smoother (as it develops). These are traits of lacy crust bryozoan. sites/default/files/moss_boss/img_0203.jpg The patch is quite thin and had a surprisingly rough texture. The pattern is quite delicate and beautiful though. We were out exploring Casco Bay on the Lucky Catch lobstering "cruise" with Teachers from the LabVenture institute. It was a beautiful evening aboard a boat that earned her name -- we had luck avoiding thunderstorms! The traps had plenty of their intended catch - lobsters and some rock and Jonah crabs, but they also had a few other hitchhikers.
species-botrylloides-violaceus-was-found-beachgirl-2015-08-12 BeachGirl Portland 2015-08-12 21:00:00 Orange sheath tunicate Botrylloides violaceus I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/beachgirl/dsc_0849.jpg sites/default/files/beachgirl/dsc_0862.jpg Lucky Catch sites/default/files/species_photos/110.jpg sites/default/files/beachgirl/dsc_0864.jpg The color of this tunicate colony is a uniform dark orange. When we looked closer we could see individual zooids forming oval shapes in a chain like pattern therefore I think that it is a orange sheath tunicate. sites/default/files/beachgirl/dsc_0867.jpg This colony was large and formed a number of loops. It was more rigid and slippery then a sea sponge. We took a group of 5th and 6th grade teacher out on the Lucky Catch to learn about lobstering. It was a beautiful sunny summer evening and the traps came up full of coastal species.
species-heterosiphonia-japonica-was-found-peter-cady-2015-08-12 Peter Cady Rye, NH 2015-08-12 19:00:00 Heterosiphonia Heterosiphonia japonica I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/peter_cady/concordptphoto.jpg sites/default/files/peter_cady/2015-08-20_09.24.42.jpg Concord Point sites/default/files/species_photos/117_heterosiphonia.jpg sites/default/files/peter_cady/2015-08-20_09.35.24.jpg I noticed a pinkish, mat-like seaweed coating rocks and gravel above the tide line. It was present along with a large amount of red algae dislodged and washed up on shore. sites/default/files/peter_cady/2015-08-20_09.42.26.jpg I collected, bagged, and refrigerated my samples(both the suspected Heterophonia and the coarser, more typical (to me) red algae. After rehydrating the samples in fresh water I could fan it out and see fine, "feathery fronds." sites/default/files/peter_cady/heterosiphonia_and_native_0.jpg I examined my samples under the stereo microscope at 40X. In the pinkish sample, the main branches appeared to be multiple cells thick. The side branches appeared to be one cell thick and tapered toward the tips. The branching pattern was irregular. This past week there's been lots of filamentous red algae washed up where I live in Rye, NH. I took samples of what I suspect are Heterosiphonia, along with the dominant local, I think, stuff. The alleged H. is very fine and when dry it drapes the cobbles above the tide as a pinkish red flat mat.
species-lythrum-salicaria-was-found-morrillteam1-2015-08-12 morrillteam1 North Yarmouth 2015-08-12 16:15:00 Purple loosestrife Lythrum salicaria I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/morrillteam1/img_1658.jpg sites/default/files/morrillteam1/img_1658_0.jpg My Backyard sites/default/files/species_photos/015.jpg sites/default/files/morrillteam1/img_1659.jpg The leaves match the structure from the Vital Signs sheet... about 6 cm long arranged in whorls of 3. They are NOT serrated. sites/default/files/morrillteam1/img_1658_1.jpg The purple flower is atop a long stalk. Purple Loosestrife plants are lining my driveway. There is a cluster of 3 plants, near the beginning of the driveway and two more plants further up. Near the bend in the driveway I found a single plant.
species-decapoda-order-was-found-graz314-2015-08-10 graz314 Readfield 2015-08-10 17:30:00 Crayfish, unidentified Decapoda (order) I think I found it Native sites/default/files/graz314/img_0855.jpg sites/default/files/graz314/img_0899.jpg Mill Stream sites/default/files/species_photos/029.jpg sites/default/files/graz314/img_0889.jpg In this same 1 square foot area, we actually found four crayfish of approximately equal size. The crayfish moved in and out from under the rocks. Could not determine size. sites/default/files/graz314/img_0877.jpg Found in the kicknet after kicking up sediment in rocky bottom area. Approximately 2cm in length. The Mill Stream flows from the Dam at the lower end of Torsey Pond. The water is clear with bugs skimming across the surface. The bottom of the stream has clear delineation from rocky bottom to brown,mucky,rotting material bottom. The edges of the stream contain live grasses and the bottom edges have a matted layer of rotting leaves and pine needles. The stream is surrounded on both sides by deciduous and evergreen trees. Use of the kick net produced no sensitive invertebrates (both rocky and mucky areas were tested). A young crayfish was brought up from the sediment in a rocky area. Adult crayfish (type unknown) were seen amongst the rocks and edges of stream. Creek chub (adult and fry) were seen also.The mucky area had a high density of mussels (type unknown).
species-solanum-dulcamara-was-found-asoceansidew-2015-08-10 AS_OceansideW Thomaston 2015-08-10 13:30:00 bittersweet nightshade Solanum dulcamara I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/as_oceansidew/img_0702.jpg sites/default/files/as_oceansidew/img_0701.jpg Thomaston sites/default/files/species_photos/bittersweet_nightshade_berries_pa180041.jpg sites/default/files/as_oceansidew/img_0700.jpg Flexible green stem, vines are long and are both running along the ground and other nearby plants. sites/default/files/as_oceansidew/img_0704_0.jpg Leaves pointed with two smaller lobes near the stem. sites/default/files/as_oceansidew/img_0703_2.jpg Eight purple flowers with yellow cones clustered together. Each flower has 5 purple petals. I noticed this plant while I was looking for Japanese Knotweed in the thick patches at the edge of the field near the woods. It has small purple flowers, but not yet fruit. The vine has grown up a Himalayan Balsam. There is another similar plant about 20 feet away, and that one has white flowers and green fruit but otherwise looks similar to this one.
species-fallopia-sachalinensis-was-found-js-oceansidew-2015-08-09 JS-OceansideW Cushing 2015-08-09 21:04:00 Giant knotweed Fallopia sachalinensis I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/js-oceansidew/img_0312.jpg sites/default/files/js-oceansidew/img_0310.jpg Cushing sites/default/files/species_photos/fallopia_sachalinensis.jpg sites/default/files/js-oceansidew/img_0311.jpg The stalks of this plant are in sections; they look thick (like bamboo) when the plants grow larger. The leaves are large and heart-shaped. sites/default/files/js-oceansidew/img_0313.jpg When I cut one of the stalks, the stalk was hollow. The larger plants have thick stalks that are very hard to cut. sites/default/files/js-oceansidew/img_0319.jpg A look up under the leaves shows the white, lacy flowers growing out of the stems where the "knots" are. I went out to look for Japanese Beetles and found that the side of my shop was covered with Giant Knotweed that was not on this side of the shop just three years ago. I was surprised to find so much Giant Knotweed had moved from one side of the shop to the other.
species-popillia-japonica-was-found-js-oceansidew-2015-08-09 JS-OceansideW Cushing 2015-08-09 21:04:00 Japanese beetle Popillia japonica I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/js-oceansidew/img_0312.jpg sites/default/files/js-oceansidew/img_0308.jpg Cushing sites/default/files/species_photos/popillia_japonica.jpg sites/default/files/js-oceansidew/img_0309.jpg Many beetles on one leaf. As you can see, the leaves around this one have many holes where the beetles had been. sites/default/files/js-oceansidew/img_0318.jpg Japanese beetle on one leaf, next to another that has been skeletonized. sites/default/files/js-oceansidew/img_0320.jpg Four Japanese beetles on one small leaf with the other leaves skeletonized. I went out to look for Japanese Beetles and found that the side of my shop was covered with Giant Knotweed that was not on this side of the shop just three years ago. I was surprised to find so much Giant Knotweed had moved from one side of the shop to the other.
species-impatiens-glandulifera-was-found-asoceansidew-2015-08-09 AS_OceansideW Thomaston 2015-08-09 19:30:00 Himalayan Balsam Impatiens glandulifera I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/as_oceansidew/img_0668_0.jpg sites/default/files/as_oceansidew/img_0668.jpg Thomaston sites/default/files/species_photos/impatiens_glandulifera_ref_0.jpg sites/default/files/as_oceansidew/img_0677.jpg Fleshy reddish stems. sites/default/files/as_oceansidew/img_0671.jpg Pink flowers and the plant is abundant in the patch. sites/default/files/as_oceansidew/img_0676.jpg Hollow stem with six sides. I was looking for japanese knotweed, and found this plant instead. The plant has a hollow stem, pointed leaves with reddish bumps around the edges. The largest plant I measured was almost 8 feet tall. The plants are very numerous at the edge of the mowed lawn and are growing closely together. The plant is flowering with pink flowers.
species-lythrum-salicaria-was-not-found-bethsh-2015-08-06 beth_sh Schoodic Peninsula 2015-08-06 18:53:00 Purple loosestrife Lythrum salicaria I think I did not find it Invasive sites/default/files/beth_sh/ls4.jpg sites/default/files/beth_sh/ls1.jpg Schoodic Shores Apartment Complex sites/default/files/species_photos/015.jpg sites/default/files/beth_sh/ls1_0.jpg Purple Loosestrife has purple in the center of the flower, my specimen does not. sites/default/files/beth_sh/ls3.jpg Purple loosestrife has a square stem, my specimen does not. sites/default/files/beth_sh/ls2.jpg Purple loosestrife has leaves covered in tiny, soft hairs, my specimen does not. The patch is quite large, but the only on on the Schoodic Campus I could find. There are lilies and roses along with the patch. Those flowers are across the road also, but none of the species looking for are there. There is a dumpster right next to the site. Red squirrels are running around. There is a tar driveway next to the site.
species-lythrum-salicaria-was-found-maineteacher-2015-08-05 MaineTeacher Limestone 2015-08-05 18:38:00 Purple loosestrife Lythrum salicaria I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/maineteacher/image.jpg sites/default/files/maineteacher/image_1.jpg Limestone Pond sites/default/files/species_photos/015.jpg sites/default/files/maineteacher/image_2.jpg My partner and I spotted this plant about 30 centimeters from the edge of a small pond. The plant itself is approximately 1.6 meters tall. Upon further investigation, we discovered that the largest flower spike is approximately 25 centimeters long and contains clusters of purple flowers. sites/default/files/maineteacher/image_3.jpg The stem of this plant has a unique rectangular prism shape and contains long, thin, blade-like leaves which are opposite from one another. sites/default/files/maineteacher/image_4.jpg The individual flowers have about 6 petals each, arranged in a star-like pattern. Sketch of the quadrat zone
species-fallopia-sachalinensis-was-found-mrs-j-2015-08-05 Mrs. J. Limestone, ME 2015-08-05 18:07:00 Giant knotweed Fallopia sachalinensis I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/mrs._j./img_0142.jpg sites/default/files/mrs._j./img_0143.jpg Corner of Land Cote Road and Route 89 sites/default/files/species_photos/fallopia_sachalinensis.jpg sites/default/files/mrs._j./img_0146.jpg As you can see in this photo, the leaf size on this giant plant is about 35 cm x 23cm. They are heart shaped with smooth edges. There are veins on the surface and the leaves alternate on the stems. sites/default/files/mrs._j./img_0147.jpg The leaves branch off at a joint which then changes direction slightly as it leads to the next leaf. This is a feature of Giant Knotweed. sites/default/files/mrs._j./img_0151.jpg The stems are hollow, bamboo like. These plants grow very tall, over twice the height of us as we stood on the site. The Giant Knotweed can grow to 5m tall. It was a hot and sweaty, but beautiful day. We drove to a spot adjacent to a field and Route 89. We found a thicket of our suspected plant, the Giant Knotweed. When we first arrived we heard the buzzing of grasshoppers or crickets or other insects nearby. A few cars passed us by along the road. There was a slight floral scent in the air, like fresh cloves or mint? We were surprised at how tall the plants were on the site. We were also surprised at the size of the plot, it was approximately 45m x 25m. We noticed that the plants created a dense canopy, with a mess of dead crisscrossed branches underneath. We wondered which type of organisms could use this habitat potentially for food or shelter? Japanese Knotweed was found later, a short distance away near Noyes Road and Wade Road in Limestone: 46.877640 N, -67.854480 W.
species-fallopia-japonica-was-found-mrs-j-2015-08-05 Mrs. J. Limestone, ME 2015-08-05 18:07:00 Japanese knotweed Fallopia japonica I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/mrs._j./img_0142.jpg sites/default/files/urchin/correction_quadtrat.jpg Corner of Land Cote Road and Route 89 sites/default/files/species_photos/210.jpg sites/default/files/mrs._j./img_0159.jpg Michelle and I had the opportunity to visit a second site nearby. This one was on Noyes Road in Limestone. The site was adjacent to the road and farmland like our first investigation. We noticed right away that the site was smaller in size, approximately 23m x 9.5m. As you can see here the leaves of this plant are spade shaped and much smaller in size than Giant Knotweed, these leaves are about the size of the palm of a hand. sites/default/files/mrs._j./img_0164.jpg The stems are the color of rhubarb, a dull red/cranberry wood color. This coloring is a distinctive difference from the Giant Knotweed. sites/default/files/mrs._j./img_0158_0.jpg The foliage is dense here but not nearly as tall as we found on the other site. The size alone of the plant height and the leaf size, lead us to believe that we found Japanese Knotweed. It was a hot and sweaty, but beautiful day. We drove to a spot adjacent to a field and Route 89. We found a thicket of our suspected plant, the Giant Knotweed. When we first arrived we heard the buzzing of grasshoppers or crickets or other insects nearby. A few cars passed us by along the road. There was a slight floral scent in the air, like fresh cloves or mint? We were surprised at how tall the plants were on the site. We were also surprised at the size of the plot, it was approximately 45m x 25m. We noticed that the plants created a dense canopy, with a mess of dead crisscrossed branches underneath. We wondered which type of organisms could use this habitat potentially for food or shelter? Japanese Knotweed was found later, a short distance away near Noyes Road and Wade Road in Limestone: 46.877640 N, -67.854480 W.
species-lythrum-salicaria-was-found-ms-whittam-2015-08-05 Ms. Whittam Limestone 2015-08-05 18:00:00 Purple loosestrife Lythrum salicaria I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/ms._whittam/img_0173.jpg sites/default/files/ms._whittam/img_0172.jpg Limestone Pond sites/default/files/species_photos/015.jpg sites/default/files/ms._whittam/img_0175_0.jpg The plants that we found had stems that were square at the base of the plant and became more ridged and circular towards the top. Initially, we found a plant that we thought was Loosestrife but it didn't have a square stem. We found another plant very close by that did. This same plant also had small white hairs. Both a square stem and white hairs are features of Purple Loosestrife. sites/default/files/ms._whittam/img_0175.jpg The leaves also provided evidence that we had found Purple Loosestrife. We measured a leaf that we found to be 9.3 cm. Purple Loosestrife leaves can be between 6 to 10 cm long. The leaves were blade shaped and covered in tiny, soft hairs. As you can clearly see from our photograph, the leaves are oppositely arranged. All of these characteristics are found in Purple Loosestrife. sites/default/files/ms._whittam/img_0170.jpg The flowers on this plant first led us to suspect that we had found Purple Loosestrife. They are purple in color and arranged in clusters on a spike. The flower that we counted had 7 petals. The flowers of the Purple Loosestrife usually have 5 to 7 petals. All of the characteristics that we found are characteristics of Purple Loosestrife. The sun was shining when we went out to collect our data. We had been dodging afternoon rain showers all week. Our site smelled of wild mint and contained a small pond, a mowed section, and a small un-mowed field between the road and the pond. We were surprised by the diversity of plants in the small un-mowed area where we collected data including cattails, wild raspberries, grass, and goldenrod. Initially we didn't think we found the Purple Loosestrife that we were looking for because the upper part of the stem was ridged, not square shaped.
species-carcinus-maenas-was-found-mrs-c-2015-08-05 Mrs. C Lubec 2015-08-05 14:05:00 Green crab Carcinus maenas I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/mrs._c/green_crab.jpg sites/default/files/mrs._c/green_crab_1.jpg Bailey's Mistake, Lubec, Maine sites/default/files/species_photos/107.jpg sites/default/files/mrs._c/green_crab_0.jpg Comparison of VS species card with found crabs showed the crabs I found had pentagonal shells and 5 spines on each side of the eye. I think I found green crabs because they have a 5 sided shell (pentagon) and 5 spines on each side of the eye.
species-fallopia-japonica-was-found-ms-whittam-2015-08-04 Ms. Whittam Limestone, ME 2015-08-04 18:00:00 Japanese knotweed Fallopia japonica I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/ms._whittam/img_5872.jpg sites/default/files/ms._whittam/img_5872_0.jpg Noyes Road sites/default/files/species_photos/210.jpg sites/default/files/ms._whittam/img_5865.jpg The leaf we measured of the plant that we found was 11 cm across and 10 cm long. The leaves had no visible hairs, a narrow tip, and smooth edge. All of these characteristics were listed on our ID card for Japanese Knotweed. The edge of the leaf attached to the stem was straight. This helped us distinguish this plant from Giant Knotweed which has heart shaped leaves. The leaves also had narrow tips. sites/default/files/ms._whittam/img_5862.jpg The stems were hollow with swollen joints. They looked similar to bamboo at the base of the plant. These characteristics were the same as Japanese Knotweed. sites/default/files/ms._whittam/img_5867.jpg The plant had mottled red stems and stalks. It was a large bush-like plant with leaves arranged alternately in a zig zag pattern which is shown in this picture. The site we was along Noyes Rd. Right along the road there was a mowed area, an overgrown area, and a field. The wind was blowing so we could hear the leaves rustling. We feel pretty confident about our identification because we found Giant Knotwood AND Japanese Knotwood at 2 different sites on the same day. Finding both solidified in our minds the differences and similarities between the two.
species-fallopia-sachalinensis-was-found-ms-whittam-2015-08-04 Ms. Whittam Limestone 2015-08-04 18:00:00 Giant knotweed Fallopia sachalinensis I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/ms._whittam/img_5848.jpg sites/default/files/ms._whittam/img_5848_0.jpg Rt 89 sites/default/files/species_photos/fallopia_sachalinensis.jpg sites/default/files/ms._whittam/img_5859.jpg The leaves of this plant helped us distinguish it from Japanese Knotweed. The leaves were heart shaped and tapered to a point. Japanese Knotweed has a flat edge instead of heart shaped. The leaves had smooth edges with pink stems. We did not see any hairs on the leaves. The leaf we measured was 30 cm long and 18 cm long and Giant Knotweed leaves are usually between 15 and 40 cm. The leaf length helped us distinguish this plant from Japanese Knotweed which has much smaller leaves. sites/default/files/ms._whittam/img_5858.jpg The stem was bamboo-like with leaves arranged alternately along its length. There was a slight zig-zag to the stem. All of these characteristics were similar to Giant Knotweed but did not help us distinguish this plant from Japanese Knotweed. sites/default/files/ms._whittam/img_5852.jpg The height of the plant also helped us identify this as Giant Knotweed. We estimated that the plant was at least 2 meters tall with white flowers. There were only flowers right at the tops of the plant and appeared to be growing vertically rather than drooping as shown on the Vital Signs ID card. The size of the patch of Giant Knotweed we found was 52 m by 20 m. The field was lovely but also filled with hungry bugs. We had a hard time deciding if we had found Giant Knotweed or Japanese Knotweed at first. The patch that we found was very tall and dense.
species-securigera-varia-was-found-moss-boss-2015-08-03 Moss Boss Limestone 2015-08-03 18:30:00 crownvetch Securigera varia I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/moss_boss/img_4627.jpg sites/default/files/moss_boss/vital_signs.jpg Limestone crown vetch survey sites/default/files/species_photos/crown_vetch.jpg sites/default/files/moss_boss/img_4635.jpg The blossoms are white with pink, we counted 5-15 petals per flower head, we noticed a fragrance and they were the right size (just under an inch) and shape. The petals were a double "pouch" shape sites/default/files/moss_boss/img_1374.jpg The stem was green and not woody (herbaceous) and the leaves begin where there's a split in the stem. The stem definitely has ridges that go lengthwise with it. sites/default/files/moss_boss/img_1375.jpg The tiny leaflets have points, especially at the tip of the leaf - almost like a faux-tendril. The leaflets were oval or blade shape - the leaves at the base had the oval shape more. (posting for STEM educator campers) We are happy because it is sunny outside, we get to be outside and it's a beautiful day. We measured the plot size and it was 8.5m x 5m and almost a perfect rectangle.
species-membranipora-membranacea-was-found-christinev-2015-07-31 christinev Portland 2015-07-31 14:30:00 Lacy crust bryozoan Membranipora membranacea I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/christinev/img_0402.jpg sites/default/files/christinev/img_0373.jpg Casco Bay, Lucky Catch, Near Fort Gorges sites/default/files/species_photos/114.jpg sites/default/files/christinev/img_0371_2.jpg It was a small patch, but if you zoom in, way in, you will see rectangular white boxes. It also is growing in a circular pattern. These are characteristics of lacy crust bryozoan. The ID card says that the sand paper feel is a way to tell this apart from native species that might grow on kelp. Unfortunately I don't remember feeling it. We were a little way from Fort Gorges. The photo showing the rock with all the seals was a little ways away yet, but I didn't have a photo from the exact spot. We were hauling traps as part of a family event. I examined some of the sugar kelp that came up with the trap, looking for lacy crust.
species-colpomenia-peregrina-was-found-christinev-2015-07-21 christinev South Portland 2015-07-21 23:00:00 Sea potato Colpomenia peregrina I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/christinev/img_0314.jpg sites/default/files/christinev/img_0308.jpg Willard Beach sites/default/files/species_photos/sea_potato.jpg sites/default/files/christinev/img_0309.jpg The wall seemed thin, and it was hollow. You can see me squishing it here. I think that means it is sea potato rather than native sea cauliflower sites/default/files/christinev/img_0312.jpg You can see the remnants of something that it had been growing on. The sea potato epiphytic. This is further evidence that supports that this could be sea potato. sites/default/files/christinev/img_0311.jpg I did not have a ruler at the time, but the two fingers in the photo that are approximately the same width as the specimen 3.5 cm wide. That is within the expected diameter range for this species. We were walking along Willard Beach, walking about as far as we could to the end. I was glancing at the flotsam and jetsam and rack line. I noticed what I thought was sea potato. I am interested in doing a more meticulous survey of the beach to see if the amount of this is changing.
species-botrylloides-violaceus-was-not-found-samsos-2015-07-10 samsos Hurricane Island 2015-07-10 14:48:00 Orange sheath tunicate Botrylloides violaceus I think I did not find it Invasive sites/default/files/samsos/image_5.jpg sites/default/files/samsos/image_8.jpg Hurricane Island Dock sites/default/files/species_photos/110.jpg sites/default/files/samsos/image_7.jpg Looking at the settling plates we did not find any organisms that resembled the Orange shealth tunicates. We did not find any orange organisms nor did we find any colonies of orange tunicates. At the hurricane island dock, the settling plates were covered in barnacles and amphipods when we took them out of the water. We didn't find any tunicates however.
species-hemigrapsus-sanguineus-was-found-jtidal-2015-07-03 jtidal Steuben 2015-07-03 20:30:00 Asian shore crab Hemigrapsus sanguineus I think I found it Invasive sites/default/files/jtidal/petit_manan.jpg sites/default/files/jtidal/quadrat.jpg Petit Manan sites/default/files/species_photos/106.jpg sites/default/files/jtidal/0005.jpg This is the first H. sanguineus that we found, a small male. sites/default/files/jtidal/0007.jpg This is another H. sanguineus male sites/default/files/jtidal/0003.jpg Female H. sanguineus carrying eggs Found one Asian shore crab in the high intertidal zone by flipping over rocks--subsequent searching revealed a total of 5, but with low densities